A joint report of the Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU) and the Australian Conservation Foundations (ACF) models three future scenarios of climate and economic policies, and estimates that a “strong action” scenario could create one million new jobs and reduce pollution by 80 per cent by 2040. In releasing Jobs in a clean energy future on October 26, the ACF stated: ” it is important to remember Australians should not have to choose between jobs and cutting pollution.” The “strong action” policies of the report include all of : investing in renewable energy, soil carbon capture, public transport, household energy efficiency, transport infrastructure and the introduction of a price on pollution, as well as investment in industrial energy efficiency and the development of alternative fuel sources such as bio-diesel. Almost 500,000 of the one million resulting new jobs would be in the electricity, gas and water, construction and health sectors, and employment in construction would be almost double 2015 levels.
The report calls for a Just Transition as part of this scenario, which would include: ” • an equitable sharing of responsibilities and fair distribution of the costs • consultations with relevant organisations – including trade unions, employers and communities, at national, regional and sectoral levels • the promotion of clean job opportunities and the greening of existing jobs and industries, achieved through public and private investment in low-pollution industries and appropriate educational qualifications that enhance workers’ skills• formal education, training and re-training for workers, their families and their communities• economic and employment diversification policies within sectors and communities at risk• social protection measures (active labour market policies, access to health services, social insurances, among others) • respect for and protection of human and labour rights.”
Jobs in a clean energy future is based on modelling by Australia’s National Institute of Economic and Industry Research (NIEIR) and updates a 2010 report released by the ACTU and ACF: Creating Jobs – Cutting Pollution, and Green Gold Rush from 2008. The previous reports advocated similar policies but didn’t define or address Just Transition.