As the Paris Climate Agreement enters legal force on November 4, 2016 , 100 Parties have ratified the agreement, representing 69.47% of the world’s emissions, according to the Paris Agreement Tracker at World Resources Institute. Carbon Brief provides an “Explainer” of the Paris Agreement process , The Guardian summarizes the significance, and Environmental Defence sums it up with Now comes the hard part for Canada .
To set the stage for the world’s climate experts who are gathering in Marrakesh for COP22 from November 8 to 17, the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) released its annual Emissions Gap Report , the first assessment to calculate the emissions that will occur under all the pledges made in Paris. It shows that, even under those reduction pledges, the world is heading to a temperature rise of 2.9 to 3.4oC this century. The UNEP underlines the urgency and seriousness in its press release: “If we don’t start taking additional action now, beginning with the upcoming climate meeting in Marrakesh, we will grieve over the avoidable human tragedy. The growing numbers of climate refugees hit by hunger, poverty, illness and conflict will be a constant reminder of our failure to deliver. The science shows that we need to move much faster.” Understandably, the Emissions Gap report generated a lot of reaction: see Inside Climate News , and from Carbon Brief, a warning about the reliance on negative emissions which are included in most scenarios for emissions reduction.
Will Canada heed the UNEP call to countries for stronger IDNC targets for emissions reduction at into the COP 22 meetings at Marakkesh ? There has been no signal of that. On the clean energy file, however, the Liberal government released its Fall Economic Statement on November 1, including plans for more transit support and a new infrastructure bank with $35 billion of public and private sector money to support green initiatives such as electricity transmission lines and energy storage capacity . Clean Energy Canada commended the government though few details are available yet. The National Observer report emphasizes that lack of detail to date. The Minister of Transportation has released the Transportation 2030 Plan , with a section related to greener transport. Finally, the federal government announced on November 2 that it will reduce its own greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030 (with an aspirational goal of accomplishing that by 2025). This will be done “by strategic investments in infrastructure and vehicle fleets, green procurement, and support for clean technology”. By 2030, the government will source 100% of the electricity for its buildings and operations from renewable energy sources. The release also notes that a new group is being established – the Centre for Greening Government – that will track emissions centrally, coordinate efforts across government and drive results to make sure these objectives are met. See the Greening Government Backgrounder here .
Prime Minister Trudeau is scheduled to meet with the provincial and territorial leaders in early December to advance the pan- Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change. Meanwhile, all eyes are also watching the federal decision on the Kinder Morgan pipeline project, also due in December.