In his remarks at the launch of the Transportation 2030 policy in November, Minister Garneau stated “The future of transportation will be in electric cars and vehicles using zero-emission fuels like hydrogen.” Yet in Canada, electric vehicles are still rare, representing only 1% of all new vehicle sales and just over 18000 cars in total in 2015, according to the Global EV Outlook Report 2016 . A CBC article in August 2016 reported on an internal federal government report that recommended tax incentives and cash rebates as the best policy means to encourage Canadians to buy cars. In November, the Sustainable Transportation Action Research Team at Simon Fraser University published Canada’s Electric Vehicle Policy Report Card , evaluating whether existing provincial policies are likely to be sufficient to boost electric vehicle sales to the levels needed to achieve Canada’s emissions targets. The report provides policy “ report cards” for each province and concludes that the most effective policies include a Zero Emission Vehicle mandate (as in California and Quebec), strong and long-duration financial incentives (as in Norway and Ontario), and strong taxation on gasoline or carbon pricing. The report also notes that municipal governments can also play a role through building regulations and public charging infrastructure deployment.