On November 21, the federal Environment Minister announced that the four remaining provinces with coal-fired electricity (Alberta, Saskatchewan, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia) must speed up the their emissions reduction targets. All traditional coal-fired units (i.e. those without carbon capture and storage) will be required to meet a performance standard of 420 tonnes of carbon dioxide per gigawatt hour by no later than 2030, and performance standards must be developed for new units to ensure they are built using efficient technology. Details are set out in a Backgrounder . To allow for flexibility, Equivalency Agreements can be negotiated under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act , and both Nova Scotia and Saskatchewan are pursuing such agreements. Nova Scotia, which announced on November 21 that it would implement a cap and trade system which would meet or exceed the federal emissions reduction target , will be allowed to continue to use coal in high-demand winter months even after 2030, (with no specific date set yet for full compliance) . Saskatchewan, which relies heavily on carbon capture and sequestration technology to meet its recent emissions reduction plan, is “displeased” about the coal phase-out plan, according to a CBC report . Alberta has already announced its own plans for a coal phase-out by 2030, promising support for workers and communities. See the “Liberals present plan to phase out coal-powered electricity by 2030” CBC (Nov. 21) for a good overview.
What does this mean for coal workers? Currently, coal-fired power generated at 35 plants represents over 70% of emissions in Canada’s electricity sector, but provides only 11% of our electricity. The coal industry employs approximately 42,000 direct and indirect workers. In “Canada’s rejection of coal will clear the air but impact workers and power bills” , the CBC (Nov. 22) examines the likely higher electricity bills in store for consumers, and the likely job losses. The CBC article quotes Warren Mabee, a researcher with the Adapting Canadian Work and Workplaces to Climate Change project and the associate director of the Queen’s Institute for Energy and Environmental Policy: he states that many workers in coal mines will be laid off “while others will shift to extracting metallurgical coal, which is used in the steel-making process.” It is important to note that the government press release explicitly promises:“ The Government of Canada will work with provinces and labour organizations to ensure workers affected by the accelerated phase-out of traditional coal power are involved in a successful transition to the low-carbon economy of the future.”
Much of the government’s motivation for its initiative comes down to the health benefits of removing pollutants of coal-fired electricity – carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, nitrous oxide, mercury and other heavy metals . The Pembina Institute, along with the Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment, Canadian Public Health Association and others, released Out with the coal, In with the new: National benefits of an accelerated phase-out of coal-fired power on November 21. The report estimates that a national coal phase-out by 2030 would prevent 1,008 premature deaths, 871 ER visits, and health outcomes valued at nearly $5 billion (including health and lower productivity costs) between 2015 and 2035. The Pembina Institute reacted to the government announcement, calling it “timely” and “necessary . Clean Energy Canada responded with Quitting coal will drive clean growth and cut pollution. BlueGreen Canada, which includes the United Steelworkers union, recently published the Job Growth in Clean Energy report, which recognizes the world-wide decline of the coal industry, and states that, “if properly supported now, Alberta’s renewable energy sector will create enough jobs to absorb the coal labour force”.