For those who rely on U.S. climate change research and science, two recent incidents in the Trump transition are noteworthy. First, the U.S. Department of Energy released a Directive for Scientific Integrity, approved January 4, 2017, which states: “The cornerstone of the scientific integrity policy at DOE is that all scientists, engineers or others supported by DOE are free and encouraged to share their scientific findings and views. ” Department of Energy personnel “will not suppress or alter scientific or technological findings or intimidate or coerce any covered personnel, contractors or others to alter or censor scientific or technological findings or conclusions.” It also directs the DOE to appoint a “Scientific Integrity Official within the Office of the Deputy Secretary of Energy to serve as an ombudsperson for matters related to scientific integrity.” Canadians, who recall the muzzled scientists of the Harper era , will applaud the policy, even as we continue to fight for scientific rigour in environmental assessments . A recent DeSmog blog explains.
Every day brings new developments in Washington: President Trump has effectively gagged staff at the Environmental Protection Agency and Department of Agriculture. In response, a Scientists March on Washington is being organized, according to Climate Central (Jan. 25). The preliminary website states: ” There are certain things that we accept as facts with no alternatives. The Earth is becoming warmer due to human action. The diversity of life arose by evolution. Politicians who devalue expertise risk making decisions that do not reflect reality and must be held accountable. An American government that ignores science to pursue ideological agendas endangers the world.”
A reassuring development for researchers, in light of the Trump order to dismantle the Environmental Protection Agency website: Volunteer scientists, computer programmers, librarians and citizens have been hard at work since December, gathering and archiving environmental and climate change data produced by the U.S. government, in advance of the Trump inauguration. “Guerilla archiving” events, beginning at the University of Toronto , have also taken place at University of Pennsylvania, San Francisco, and Los Angeles (on Inauguration Day!) in the coordinated task of identifying and gathering the URL’s of important sources of information which will likely become vulnerable to removal in the Trump government. Read “Climate Data Preservation Efforts Mount as Trump Takes Office” in MIT Technology Review (Jan. 20) for an up to date summary and links to some of the many players in this complex effort. A December blog by The Project Archivists Responding to Climate Change (ProjectARCC) group explains the major players and indicates the scale of the effort.
Briefly, many of the collected web sites are being stored in the servers of the End of Term Web Archive, a collaborative effort of established actors such as the Internet Archive , (which already stores 279 billion web pages!), Library of Congress, the U.S. Government Publishing Office, University of California Digital Library, and others. Over 10,000 URL’s of federal climate data websites have already been nominated for archiving, according to the public list available here , though none of the “in process” web pages are available to view yet . For those concerned by the scrubbing of the White House website of all mentions of “climate change”, a separate White House archive , housing the Obama version, is available here .
The University of Pennsylvania’s Program in Environmental Humanities is housing a separate DataRefuge project, in part to back up environmental data sets that standard Web crawling tools can’t collect. The Climate Mirror is a distributed effort conducted by volunteers to mirror and back up data in locations outside the U.S. – an effort also underway at the Internet Archive. Quartz has published “Hackers downloaded US government climate data and stored it on European servers as Trump was being inaugurated” (Jan. 21) .
Most of the work is being done by volunteers, who are eager for help and donations. The Environmental Data and Governance Initiative has a clear set of requests for help, including a list of upcoming archiving events in Ann Arbor and New York City. There is a well-developed process to nominate vulnerable sites, which requires the help of knowledgeable researchers, as well as a need for programmers and IT nerds to work on scripts to help harvest data sets and web pages not easily accessed. The Free Government Information website (another volunteer group ) has also published “2016 End of Term (EOT) crawl and how you can help” . Success will ensure that environmental data and facts survive in the public realm.