In February, the Adapting Work and Workplaces (ACW) project released three preliminary working papers in a series called Evaluating government plans and actions to reduce GHG emissions in Canada . The first report, Federal progress through June 2016 (July 2016) and the second, Provincial and territorial progress through October 2016 (November 2016) provide specific summaries of climate policies in their respective jurisdictions since November 2015, and in general, they conclude that “Despite missteps, oversights and political backtracking, Canada’s climate policy has evolved to be relatively comprehensive and broadly supported”. Significantly, the papers point out that “a large ambition gap remains between governments’ GHG targets and their actual emission reduction policies. …. the emissions-intensive production of oil and gas resources has largely escaped stringent, targeted GHG mitigation measures. Indeed, through direct and indirect subsidies, Canadian governments continue to promote oil and gas expansion despite its incompatibility with those same governments’ climate objectives.”
Just Transition policies is the focus of the third preliminary working paper in the ACW series. It springs from the idea that just transition policy is a crucial and urgent, but under-developed, aspect of Canadian governments’ climate plans. It characterizes “just transition” as a concept developed by the labour movement. “It is a social justice framework for facilitating the low-carbon transition in a way that minimizes negative employment impacts and ensures equitable outcomes for worker.” In defining “just transition”, the paper differentiates it from “climate justice”, stating, “A just transition is one of the goals of climate justice advocates, but the two concepts are distinct. Climate justice goes beyond workers, for example, to demand the poor are not disproportionately hurt by policies such as carbon pricing.”
The report reviews the latest climate plans published by the federal, provincial, and territorial governments, discovering and describing: 1. Policies that provide income supports to laid-off workers; 2. Policies that provide skills training and re-training for the low-carbon economy, and 3. Policies that directly create new jobs, especially in the communities and regions adversely affected by climate policies. The conclusion: all Canadian jurisdictions “get a failing grade” on all three subjects. The paper calls for improved income support programs, since policy seems to favour training and retraining over income support in the existing federal unemployment insurance program, as well as in provincial climate policies which allow for reinvestment of carbon revenue, such as Alberta and Ontario. Workforce development policies seem to receive the most attention – while still lacking in most provinces. Finally, job creation policy is judged to be “hands-off”, with governments assuming that new investment in clean energy industries will be sufficient.
All three preliminary reports were authored by Hadrian Mertins-Kirkwood, in association with the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives. A final, consolidated report is anticipated by Spring 2017.