An April Issue Brief from the Center for American Progress examines the Trump actions to date and concludes that “The Trump Budget Cuts Hit Coal Communities and Workers Where It Hurts” . In a concise, well-documented overview, the paper explains the widely-accepted facts about the decline of the coal industry – that it is caused not by over-reaching environmental regulation, but by market forces and declining productivity, especially in the Appalachian coal mines. But the thrust of the report is to estimate in detail how the Trump budget proposed for 2018 would eliminate $1.13 billion in federal funding for 7 of the 12 Obama-era programs, undoing the current efforts to diversify the economies of coal mining communities and provide workforce training.
In 2015, then-President Barack Obama launched the Partnerships for Opportunity and Workforce and Economic Revitalization, or POWER, Initiative, which funded efforts by 12 federal agencies to align, scale up, and target federal economic and workforce development assistance to coal communities and coal economy workers . Coordinated by the Department of Commerce, the Initiative included the Appalachian Regional Commission, which had been established in 1965 to invest in economic and workforce opportunities in Appalachia, and the National Dislocated Worker Grants program, part of the Department of Labor Employment and Training Administration, which channeled funding to state workforce development agencies to provide employment and training services. The CAP issue paper was co-authored by Jason Walsh, who was a senior policy adviser in the White House under President Obama, involved in the design and coordination of the POWER Initiative.
A new report from Columbia University Center on Global Energy Policy asks “Can Coal make a Comeback?” and with detailed statistics and discussion of coal in the context of the global energy industry, answers the question as “No”. The paper concludes with some examples of local economic diversification programs, stating: “There is a lot the federal government can do to help accelerate locally driven economic diversification efforts… But this all requires a clear-eyed assessment of the outlook for the coal industry and a commitment to put sustainable solutions ahead of politically expedient talking points.”
The Columbia paper also calls for the federal government to help provide retirement and healthcare security by passing the Miners’ Protection Act . But an April 19 article in the New York Times “Retired Miners Lament Trump’s Silence on Imperiled Health Plan”(April 19) describes the uncertainty for the miners and the political horsetrading in Congress – part of the government funding showdown due April 30. The fates and possibly the lives of more than 20,000 retired miners rests on extending federal funding to the health benefits fund, depleted by coal industry bankruptcies . For the best explanation see “ Mine wars: The struggle for coal miners’ health care and pension benefits comes to a head” in The Conversation, published April 26 and updated April 30th with the news that Congress had extended health care benefits until May 5. This will be the latest of several extensions, without a resolution to the issue.
In addition to the economic analysis of the Columbia University report, the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis ( IEEFA) published a brief on April 21, “U.S. Coal Phase-out, Blow by Blow: Plant Closings and the Likely Corresponding Effect on Specific Companies and Mines”— which “focuses on how the scheduled closures, conversions or curtailments of 46 coal-fired generating units at 25 electricity plants in 16 states stand to affect the U.S coal-mining industry through 2018, including the loss of nearly 30 million tons of coal demand.” It does not estimate job losses or community impacts.