An April 2017 report from the London-based advocacy group, Business and Human Rights Resource Centre asks, “What adverse impacts can renewable energy projects have on communities around the world?” Renewable Energy investor briefing: Managing risks & responsibilities for impacts on local communities (April 2017) is directed at financial and investment professionals who are considering investment in renewable energy projects- in this report, comprised of wind and small-to-medium hydro, but excluding solar . It starts from the premise that Just Transition principles are essential, then explains the international human rights responsibilities of companies. The report also provides examples of the kinds of questions that should be asked in shareholder meetings and before investment decisions are made, and gives examples of best practice policies – for example, inclusion of community benefits agreements. One of the main issues it discusses is the right to free, prior and informed consent of Indigenous peoples, which is an ongoing topic monitored by the BHRC.
The report provides case studies, including six positive examples, including: the Ixtepec community-owned wind project in Mexico; the Jeffreys Bay Wind Farm in South Africa; and a cluster of wind projects in Jämtland, Sweden, for which OECD guidelines are being used in negotiations between the company and affected Indigenous people. The full suite of case studies is presented in a searchable database which allows searching by company name, issue, country, and more. There are no Canadian projects included in the 2017 report, although a profile of Ontario Power Generation is available as part of the Centre’s ongoing database of human rights in the energy sector .
In March 2017, the Centre also launched an updated and expanded Corporate Human Rights Benchmark website , which ranked 98 of the world’s largest publicly traded companies, from the Agriculture, Apparel, and Extractive industries. The Benchmark is intended to drive a “race to the top” and is directed at business, government, and “ to empower civil society, workers, communities, customers, and the media with better public information to reward, encourage, and promote human rights advances by companies and make well-informed choices about which companies to engage with.” A 50 page summary report is here . There are six thematic measurement categories, including “ Company Performance: Human Rights Practices” which includes rankings related to living wage, freedom of association and right to bargain collectively, health and safety, amongst others.