The 106th Session of the International Labour Conference convenes from June 5-16 in Geneva – see an overview here . To open the annual Conference, Director General Guy Ryder presented his report, Work in a changing climate: The Green Initiative , and for those who question the role of the workplace in the fight against climate change, the report states: “… if climate change is a consequence of human activity, then that activity is, for the most part, work or work-related. It is no coincidence that climate change tends to be benchmarked against pre-industrial levels. And if work is the predominant cause of climate change, then inevitably it must be central to strategies to prevent, mitigate and adapt to it.”
The main body of the Director-General’s Report describes and updates the accomplishments of the ILO Green Centenary Initiative, which was launched in 2013, “to promote the considerable potential for creation of decent work associated with the transition to a low carbon sustainable development path and to minimize and manage the inevitable dislocation that will accompany it.” The report emphasizes the need for research and policy analysis, and announces that the 2018 edition of the ILO World Employment and Social Outlook Report will focus on “greening with jobs”, with sectoral and country-specific information.
Some important themes: The report emphasizes the need for tripartite responses to climate change, and offers the examples of countries with tripartite consultations: Chile, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, Peru , South Africa, and Brazil, which developed its Intended Nationally- Determined Contribution to the Paris Agreement with tripartite involvement.
Global carbon pricing is identified as “an outstanding question of the greatest magnitude –a political game changer in the eyes of some.” And, “Independently of the specific merits of taxing carbon, the general message is clear: predictable and appropriate regulation, together with informed tripartite involvement, are key ingredients for successful just transition.”
Regarding the greening of the work process, the report states: “The extraordinary process of structural transformation in production systems, made necessary by the fight against climate change, needs also to incorporate two further ingredients which have a proven record in facilitating socially acceptable and beneficial change at work: skills development and social protection.”
Canadian Labour Congress Secretary-Treasurer Marie Clarke Walker was elected Vice-President (Workers) on June 5, and is a member of the ILO Governing Body. Luc Cortebeeck, Chairperson of the Workers’ Group, presented a Discussion of the Director-General’s report on June 7. The 3-page discussion is generally constructive, for example, congratulating the ILO for its climate neutrality goals and its the recognition of the need to aim for zero emissions as soon as possible, and pledging support for Skills for Green Jobs initiatives. However, it highlights differences about the goals for the future, stating: “Such an ambitious assessment on the state of affairs does not seem to be followed by an equally ambitious take on future measures.” Further, “The workers’ group regrets the absence of references to the importance of piloting in as many countries as possible the ILO Guidelines for a Just Transition, as a means to show they are a useful tool for tackling climate change in a socially progressive way.” The Workers Group also considers it “vital” that the ILO develop and execute its own economic modelling research regarding the potentially negative distributional aspects of carbon pricing and regulation, and not rely on research by the OECD and other active agencies.