An article in the Energy Mix reflects a widely-stated assessment of the recently concluded Conference of the Parties in Bonn: “COP23 Ends with solid progress on Paris Rules, Process to Push for Faster Climate Action” : “It was an incremental, largely administrative conclusion for a conference that was never expected to deliver transformative results, but was still an essential step on the road to a more decisive “moment” at next year’s conference in Katowice, Poland.” A concise summary of outcomes was compiled by the International Institute for Environment and Development, including a link to the main outcome document of the COP23 meetings – the Fiji Momentum for Implementation . Germany’s Heinrich Böll Institute also issued a checklist and assessment titled We will not drown, we are here to fight . The UNFCCC provides a comprehensive list of initiatives and documents in its closing press release on November 17. And from the only Canadian press outlet which attended COP23 in person, the National Observer: “Trump didn’t blow up the climate summit: what did happen in Bonn?” .
What was the union assessment of COP23? The International Trade Union Confederation expressed concern for the slow progress in Bonn, but stated: “The support for Just Transition policies is now visible and robust among all climate stakeholders: from environmental groups to businesses, from regional governments to national ones. The importance of a social pact as a driver to low-carbon economics means we can grow ambition faster, in line with what science tells us. ” The European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) also expressed disappointment, reiterating the demands in its October ETUC Resolution and views on COP 23 , and calling for a “Katowice plan of action for Just Transition” in advance of the COP24 meetings next year in Katowice, Poland.
The biggest winner on Just Transition was the Canadian Labour Congress, who pressed the Canadian Minister of Environment and Climate Change outside of formal negotiations at Bonn and received her pledge for federal support for the newly-announced Just Transition Plan for Alberta’s Coal Workers – including flexibility on federal Employment Insurance benefits, and a pledge that Western Economic Diversification Canada will support coal communities. Importantly, “Minister McKenna also announced her government’s intention to work directly with the Canadian Labour Congress to launch a task force that will develop a national framework on Just Transition for workers affected by the coal phase-out. The work of this task force is slated to begin early in the new year”, according to the CLC press release “ Unions applaud Canada’s commitment to a just transition for coal workers” . The background story to this under-reported breakthrough is in the National Observer coverage of the Canada-UK Powering Past Coal initiative, on November 15 and November 16. Unifor’s take on the Task Force is here .
This global alliance is the biggest COP23 news story for Canadians, coming near the end of meetings. Canada, along with the U.K. and the Marshall Islands, announced the “Powering Past Coal” global alliance to phase out dirty coal power plants around the world. See the government press release for Canada and the U.K. , and see the Official Declaration, which states:
- “Government partners commit to phasing out existing traditional coal power in their jurisdictions, and to a moratorium on any new traditional coal power stations without operational carbon capture and storage within their jurisdictions.
- Business and other non-government partners commit to powering their operations without coal.
- All partners commit to supporting clean power through their policies (whether public or corporate, as appropriate) and investments, and to restricting financing for traditional coal power without carbon capture and storage.”
Amongst the 20-some jurisdictions already signed up to the alliance are Canada , the provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario, Quebec, the city of Vancouver, and the states of Washington and Oregon. Noticeably absent so far are the major coal polluters – the U.S., Germany, China and India. The stated goal is to grow the alliance to 50 members jurisdictions. The Energy Mix provides a summary and related interviews; Climate Action Network-Canada reacted with “Powering Past Coal Announcement Shows Rise of International Collective Action; Domestic Implementation will Bring it Home” (Nov. 16); DeSmog UK calls the alliance the “start of a journey” ; German news source DW provides an international viewpoint of the alliance, especially focused on the politically-charged debate about coal in Germany.
There were other breakthoughs at COP23, including on Gender Equality, Indigenous Rights, and Agriculture. Delegates adopted the first Gender Action Plan . As reported in “To combat climate change, increase women’s participation” in DW (Nov. 20), for the first time, there is a plan which sets out specific activities, with a timeline for implementation, and allocation of responsibilities. National governments are responsible for reporting back on progress on these activities in 2019.
The Guardian reported “Indigenous groups win greater climate recognition at Bonn summit” (Nov. 15) citing the improved language from the 2015 Paris Agreement. ” The technical document approved at COP23 states: countries “should, when taking action to address climate change, respect, promote and consider their respective obligations on the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities.” In response, the Indigenous Environmental Network states: “… while progress has been made on the UNFCCC traditional knowledge Platform for engagement of local communities and Indigenous Peoples, Indigenous Peoples’ rights are not fully recognized in the final platform document of COP 23. The burden of implementation falls on local communities and indigenous peoples.” News and reports released by It Takes Roots, the Indigenous Environmental Network COP23 delegation, are here, including their report in opposition to carbon pricing: Carbon Pricing: A Critical Perspective for Community Resistance , released at COP23.
Finally, regarding agriculture: As reported by the International Institute for Environment and Development “After years of fraught negotiations on this issue, the COP23 decision on agriculture requests the subsidiary bodies of the UNFCCC to simultaneously address vulnerabilities of agriculture to climate change and approaches to tackle food security. Breaking the deadlock on issues connecting agriculture and climate change was a big win for COP23.”