On December 13, the Government of Canada released its Clean Fuel Standard Regulatory Framework, the latest stage in the development of regulations to complement the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change, by achieving 30 megatonnes of annual reductions in GHG emissions by 2030. The standard will apply to all fuels – gasoline and diesel, but also aviation fuel, natural gas for heating, and metallurgical coal. It will also apply to the full life cycle of fuels – the first jurisdiction in the world to do so, according to the Pembina Institute . The Clean Fuel Standard process began in November 2016, with consultations held throughout 2017, largely focused on the government’s Discussion Paper (February 2017). Comments received in that consultation were compiled in a November report: Clean fuel standard: Summary of stakeholder written comments on the Discussion Paper. In response to the December Framework release, comments on the technical details will be accepted from industry, provincial governments, non-governmental organizations until January 19, 2018. Draft regulations are promised for late 2018.
The Pembina Institute reaction highlights three noteworthy aspects of the proposed Canadian Fuel Standard Framework: 1. Sustainability and indirect land-use change issues are sidelined – which is “concerning and unacceptable” ; 2. Canada’s existing federal Renewable Fuels Regulations will remain in place for a short-term transition period, and the new GHG-intensity-based clean fuel standard will eventually replace them – ( an approach Pembina has previously recommended in its April 2017 submission to the government ); and 3. Pembina urges “the importance of timelines” – i.e. the longer it takes to implement these regulations, the more stringent they must be if Canada is to meet its emissions reduction target for 2030.
How important is the Clean Fuel Standard? It has been called the single most important policy tool to achieve Canada’s emissions reductions target for 2030. And in November 2017, Clean Energy Canada published “What a Clean Fuel Standard can do for Canada” in which Navius Research used two in-house models to simulate the impact of different Clean Fuel Standard designs on Canada’s economy. The report concluded, among other beneficial effects : “The policy would increase economic activity in clean fuels in Canada by up to $5.6 billion a year in 2030. It would also create up to 31,000 jobs for the skilled workers needed to build, operate and supply new clean fuel facilities.” A separate Technical Report explains the modelling and provides much more detail about all projections, including employment projections.
Also of interest: From the EcoFiscal Commission, A delicate (im)balance: policy interactions and the federal clean fuel standard and an April 2017 Submission to the Clean Fuels Standard consultations from the Pembina Institute, Equiterre, Environmental Defence, and the Conservation Council of New Brunswick.