With freight transportation producing approximately 10 percent of Canada’s total emissions, on June 14, Canada’s Environment and Climate Change Minister announced new carbon-pollution regulations for heavy-duty vehicles, defined as “ school buses, transport tractors and trailers, garbage trucks, delivery vans, and larger pick-up trucks”. The regulations begin in 2020, and become increasingly stringent with each passing year – with a goal to reduce carbon pollution by approximately 6 million tonnes a year by 2030.
The Pembina Institute welcomes the regulations here, with reference to its detailed report on the issue: State of Freight ( June 2017), and also an OpEd from Policy Options in April 2018, “On vehicle emissions standards, it’s time Canada divorced the U.S.” . “McKenna touts new climate pollution controls for large trucks and buses” in the National Observer (June 14) includes a discussion of the Canada-U.S. alignment over fuel standards.
In May, the Conference Board of Canada released Greening Freight: Pathways to GHG Reductions in the Trucking Sector, which recommends several ways to help reduce emissions from freight transport, including the adoption of established fuel-saving technologies, carbon pricing, and disruptive technologies such as electric zero-emission and driverless trucks. The report is available from this link (free, registration required).
Also on this topic, an article by researchers from the University of British Columbia’s Clean Energy Research Centre appeared in the April 2018 issue of Energy Policy. “Electrification of road freight transport: Policy implications in British Columbia” concludes that all-electric trucks could reduce 64% of the emissions from road freight transport in the province by 2040, if 65% of trucks ran on 100% hydroelectric power. However, the demand created would overwhelm the supply available – therefore, the authors call for new policies “to support diversified renewable electricity generation and low-carbon pathways. For example, carbon capture and sequestration coupled with provincial reserves of natural gas can enable low-carbon hydrogen production and decrease the electricity requirements for zero-emission vehicles in B.C.” An article on the CBC website summarizes the academic article.