The U.K. Committee on Climate Change (CCC) submitted its 2018 annual report to the British Parliament on June 28, marking ten years since the Climate Change Act became law in 2008. On the plus side, the report highlights a decoupling of economic growth: since 1990, emissions have fallen by 43% and the economy has grown by over 70%. Since 2008, the UK has achieved a 59% reduction in emissions from electricity generation. Yet despite that progress, other sectors, notably transport, agriculture and the built environment, have not achieved reductions – transport emissions have actually grown and at 28% of total UK emissions, are now the single largest emitter. Reducing UK emissions – 2018 Progress Report to Parliament outlines four high-level, messages for government and calls for immediate policy action in residential energy efficiency, development of Carbon Capture and Storage, and stronger consumer incentives for electric vehicles.
No sooner said than done: on July 9, the British Ministry of Transport released a long-awaiting document, The Road to Zero Strategy , with the goal that all new cars and vans will be effectively zero emission by 2040, at which time the government will end the sale of new conventional gas and diesel cars and vans. The press release highlights and summarizes the proposals . Some specifics: commitment to continue consumer purchase incentives for plug-in cars, vans, taxis and motorcycles; commitment that all the central Government car fleet will be zero emissions by 2030; the launch of a £400 million Charging Infrastructure Investment Fund and as much as £500 incentive for electric vehicle owners to help them install a charge point at their home; increasing the grant level of the existing incentives for Workplace Charging stations.
Stimulating the motor vehicle industry: Notably, the strategy aims to improve emissions in road transport in the U.K. while putting the U.K. “at the forefront of the design and manufacturing of zero emission vehicles.” Measures announced to support industry include: public investment in auto technology R & D, including £246 million to research next generation battery technology; and working with the industry training group, Institute of the Motor Industry, “to ensure the UK’s workforce of mechanics are well trained and have the skills they need to repair these vehicles safely, delivering for consumers” .
However, “Road to Zero or Road to Nowhere: Government revs up green vehicle ‘ambition’ ” in Business Green newsletter compiles reaction from business and environmental sources, all of which agree that the 2040 target date is too late. The quote from the Policy Director of Green Alliance sums up reaction: “It’s rare for the oil industry, mayors and environmentalists to agree on something, but we all think 2040 is far too late for a ban on conventional vehicles…Moving it to 2030 and setting a zero emissions vehicles mandate would encourage car companies to build electric cars in the UK, and give the country a head start on its competitors across Europe. While there are some welcome measures, including on charging infrastructure, the Road to Zero strategy is on cruise control. As it stands, it won’t help the UK build a world leading clean automotive industry.”
The full Road to Zero policy document is here ; the accompanying technical report, Transport Energy Model provides data about the GHG emissions, energy requirements, and pollution associated with cars, trucks and double decker buses using conventional fossil fuels as well as biofuels, hydrogen, and electricity.