In Ontario, newly-elected Premier Doug Ford quickly fulfilled a central campaign promise, as the Province revoked the cap-and-trade regulations and prohibited all trading of emission allowances, officially announced on July 3, 2018. A further July 25 press release announced the introduction of Bill 4, The Cap and Trade Cancellation Act, 2018 and claimed that “The average Ontario family will receive $260 in annual savings thanks to the elimination of the cap-and-trade carbon tax.” All programs currently funded through the cap-and-trade revenues have been cancelled, including the immediate wind-down of the Green Ontario Fund, which funded many energy efficiency incentive programs. The Cap and Trade Cancellation Act repeals the Climate Change Mitigation and Low-carbon Economy Act, 2016 of the previous Wynne government “and provides for various matters related to the wind down of the Cap and Trade Program.”
Earlier, on July 13, the province had announced the cancellation of 758 renewable energy projects, calling them “unnecessary and wasteful” – one notable example, the almost-completed White Pines wind project in Prince Edward County. And on August 2, in addition to the previously announced court challenge to the federal government’s carbon pricing requirements under the Pan Canadian Framework, Ontario’s Attorney General announced a second court challenge – this time in the Ontario Court of Appeal. “Doug Ford’s Ontario pursues ‘doomed’ plan to stop Trudeau government’s efforts to fight climate change” in the National Observer (August 2) summarizes the development from a political viewpoint, and the Globe and Mail’s editorial is titled: “Caroline Mulroney’s carbon-tax court challenge is a partisan waste of money”
“Ford government Attempts to minimize Ontario taxpayer losses after abandoning carbon markets” (July 25) in the National Observer;
“Ontario’s fiscal watchdog to probe cancellation of cap and trade,at Horwath’s request” in the Globe and Mail (July 24);
From Professor Mark Winfield, York University: “Doug Ford’s energy shake-up could cost Ontario” in The Conversation (July 25) ;
“Clean power advocates disappointed but defiant in the face of Ford’s sweeping cuts” from the National Observer (July 17)
“Solar companies may exit Ontario for Alberta after Doug Ford kills rebate program” from CBC News (June 21) ;
“From Cap-and-Trade to White Pines: What Lies Ahead In Ontario’s Energy Sector” from Toronto law firm Gowlings .
Before his election but based on the platform statements, Unifor said in June : “Workers in Ontario need forward-looking policies with the intention to build a green economy, but instead Ford announced his intention to cancel a successful program and pick an unnecessary fight with the federal government…. “Workers accept that climate change is real and need our government to lead with a real, predictable plan to reduce emissions and grow green jobs.”
Was there a problem with Ontario’s cap and trade system? The April 2018 WCR article “New evidence supports benefits of cap and trade policies” summarized several favourable studies, including A Progress Report on Ontario’s Cap-and-Trade Program and Climate Change Action Plan: Year One , published by the Clean Economy Alliance – which concluded that, in the first year of cap-and-trade employment had grown at the same time that Ontario economy grew to a 7-year high. Environmental Defense published “Carbon pricing has no downside: why are we still arguing about it?” , which summarized the Clean Economy Alliance report, as well as No Bad Option: Comparing the Economic Impact of Ontario Carbon Pricing Scenarios by Hadrian Mertins-Kirkwood, published in April 2018 by CCPA in partnership with the Clean Economy Alliance.
More recently, Dale Beugin, Don Drummond, Glen Hodgson and Mel Cappe asked “If not carbon pricing in Ontario – which works well – then what, Mr. Ford?” in a blog published by the Ecofiscal Commission. The purpose of the brief summary is to “correct the record on some of the myths and misunderstandings surrounding carbon pricing. The economic evidence clearly contradicts some of the recent rhetoric coming from Ontario.” Earlier Ecofiscal opinion appeared in “Tread Carefully: Ontario’s cap-and-trade system meets a fork in the road” (June 8) , and “Can Ontario hits its targets without carbon pricing?” .
In the U.S., economist Marc Hafstead recently published “Carbon taxes and employment: Rhetoric vs research” in the Summer Issue of Resources, the online newsletter of Resources for the Future (RFF) , stating “Opponents of policies to price carbon will likely continue with the “job-killing” rhetoric, but careful economic analysis suggests that these arguments are seriously exaggerated.” (the brief article is based largely on his academic working paper Unemployment and Environmental Regulation in General Equilibrium: Considering a US Carbon Tax: Economic Analysis and Dialogue on Carbon Pricing Options ) .