According to a March 2018 report by Clean Energy Wire, Germany’s coal industry, ( hard coal and lignite coal), employed approximately 36,000 workers in 2016, in contrast to 160,000 people employed in the wind power industry and 340,000 in the entire renewable energy generation sector. Yet on June 6, Germany’s Special Commission on Growth, Structural Economic Change and Employment was launched to study and make recommendations for social and economic policy for a phase-out of lignite coal in Germany by the end of 2018. The word “coal” does not appear in its name, reflecting the political tension surrounding the issue. Groups such as The Green Party, WWF Germany and Greenpeace Germany are critical, as summarized in “Why are German coal workers so powerful, when there are so few?” in Climate Home News (Aug. 14) , which states that ” “saving jobs in the coal sector is its first priority, followed by designing the structural change in the coal regions towards low-carbon economies, with climate protection and coal phase-out coming last.”
Although much information about the Commission is in German, Clean Energy Wire ( based in Berlin) publishes in English, and is monitoring the Commission’s progress . It has produced two Fact Sheets that are essential reading: 1. Coal in Germany, a Fact Sheet (Dec. 2017) ( full of facts and figures about the industry); and 2. Germany’s Coal Exit Commission, a Fact Sheet – which includes a list of the members of the Commission – representatives from government, industry, academia, environmental groups, and these unions: German Trade Union Confederation (DGB) ; Ver.di (Service industries) and IG BCE (mining, chemicals and energy industries). Position statements from some of the members of the Commission are here ; IG BCE states: “The people in the mining regions do not need an accelerated exit from coal.. .The path for a phase out of coal-fired power generation has long been mapped out. What they need is an entry into structural change that secures good industrial work. That’s what we will work towards in the commission.” From another member, Germanwatch: “The coal exit is aligned with the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement and has the potential to be the foundation for a fair structural change and a modernisation of the economy. One hopes that the economic associations involved do not obstruct, but put the opportunities front and centre.”
On August 3 that the Germany’s Employment Minister presented a 6-point plan, summarized in “Employment minister suggests infrastructure projects for coal mining regions” .
Further background and opinion:
From Euractiv: “Leaked: Germany’s planned coal commission shows little interest for the climate” (June 1) and “ Germany launches coal commission in a bid to protect climate and jobs” (June 7)
From DW, “Germany′s mining communities brace themselves for post-coal era” (June 1) and “Germany’s coal exit: Jobs first, then the climate” from DW (June 26);
Contrast the European coverage with “New Commission studies unprecedented, orderly coal phase out for Germany” in The Energy Mix (August 14) .