The October 16 report from the Ecofiscal Commission , Cutting the Waste: How to save money while improving our solid waste systems is a thorough examination of the issue of waste management in Canada, and while it discusses consumer behaviour (including single use plastics, briefly), the main focus is on municipal programs of disposal pricing ( tipping fees and “pay as you throw”) and Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR).
Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) programs shift the costs and responsibility for waste management from taxpayers and consumers to manufacturers. Cutting the Waste recommends expanding and harmonizing Canada’s EPR programs, stating…. “ “extended producer responsibility” programs … can improve the efficiency of recycling programs while also creating incentives to produce goods that generate less waste or goods that can more easily be recycled.” The report provides a good overview of the history, structure, and efficiency of EPR programs in Canada, stating that there are over 120 such programs (both voluntary and legislated) in Canada, following an EPR Action Plan which was developed through the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME) in 2009. Their most recent progress report on the Action Plan was conducted in 2014 . The Ecofiscal Commission highlights British Columbia as having the most stringent and comprehensive plan, and states, “Alberta is the only province that does not have legislated extended producer responsibility (EPR) programs and is falling behind in its commitments under the Canada-wide Action Plan for EPR.” EPR Canada , a non-profit association, also publishes Report Cards – their most recent was released in 2017.
How does waste management translate into a greener workplace? The automobile manufacturing industry provides a Canadian example, and in its 2011 Fact Sheet “Taking Back our Jobs – Taking Back our Environment “ , the Canadian Auto Workers endorsed EPR, with concise arguments, stating “The future job creation potential is enormous. The motor vehicle industry is one of the best examples of EPR job creation.” (The Fact Sheet was republished by Unifor in 2013, here). From the company, the GM Landfill-free Blueprint (2018) makes a business case for reducing waste and includes the concept of employee engagement.
In September 2018 , one of Canada’s Clean50 awards for 2019 went to the General Motors Assembly plant in Oshawa Ontario for its “zero waste to landfill” project . The announcement states: “At the core of the success of General Motors Landfill-Free Project at GM Oshawa Assembly Plant initiative lies the fact that the “team” for this project numbers approximately 3,000. …. it was the employees at the plant who were directly and indirectly part of the successful implementation of their project.”
According to a GM press ( February 2018) ,GM is now diverting 100 per cent waste from landfills at all Canadian manufacturing facilities; St. Catharines Propulsion facility since 2008, and CAMI Assembly since 2014. The St. Catharines facility is also the proposed site of Ontario’s first complete renewable landfill gas industrial co-generation system, which will use landfill gas from an offsite source, delivered via pipeline, to generate electricity and reduce the greenhouse gas emissions from the plant by more than 77 per cent. More details are here . A caveat: although this project was projected to come online in mid-2019, it was initiated under the previous Liberal government, funded by cap and trade revenues through GreenON Industries, which is one of the programs cancelled by the current Conservative government.