British Columbia’s long-promised climate plan, CleanB.C. was released on December 5. The press release summary is here , details are in a 16-page Highlights Report . Top-line summary: the CleanBC plan is at pains to emphasize that it is a plan for economic growth as well as a cleaner environment. B.C.’s existing carbon tax will increase $5.00 per year from 2018 to 2021, with rebates for low and middle income British Columbians and support for clean investments in industry. CleanB.C. repeats some already announced initiatives, such as the the zero-emissions vehicle sales mandate and ZEV consumer incentives, and the requirement for new buildings to be “net-zero energy ready” by 2032. Publicly-funded housing will benefit from $400 million to support retrofits and upgrades. Cleaner operations by industry will target a 45% reduction of methane emissions from upstream oil and gas operations , and incentives “will provide clean electricity to planned natural gas production in the Peace region”. There is also support through “a regulatory framework for safe and effective underground CO₂ storage and direct air capture “.
CleanB.C. recognizes the needs of workers. From the Highlights: “As new jobs and professions emerge, post-secondary education and training need to keep pace. The Province is working with employers, Indigenous communities, labour groups and postsecondary institutions to analyze the labour market and identify: -where the strongest job growth is likely to be, – what skills are needed to meet the demand, – what specific training we need to develop and deliver in our communities, and – what support students and apprentices need to excel in these programs. As a first step, we are investing in two key sectors where we already know demand is strong and growing – cleaner buildings and cleaner transportation: – Developing programs like Energy Step Code training and certification and Certified Retrofit Professional accreditation – Expanding job training for electric and zero-emission vehicles.” The government also states it is developing a CleanBC Labour Readiness Plan, which is part of the reason that Unifor responded with “Unifor supports introduction of Clean B.C. Plan”. Laird Cronk, president of the BC Federation of Labour calls the new strategy an “historic opportunity” to develop a sustainable economy, and states: “We’re committed to working together on just and fair transition strategies to protect existing workers and to ensure that new employment opportunities created by the CleanBC plan are good, family- and community-supporting jobs.”
The general acclaim for Clean B.C. is compiled in a Backgrounder at the B.C. government website, with statements from politicians, environmentalists, business leaders, First Nations, labour unions, and academics- among them, Marc Jaccard from Simon Fraser University, who states: “This plan returns B.C. to global climate leadership.” From other sources: Clean Energy Canada: “CleanBC marks a turning point for B.C.’s environment and economy” (Dec. 5); The Broadbent Blog , which singles out the exemplary commitment to equity and reconciliation with First Nations people; the Pembina Institute, “B.C. climate plan sets a course to Canada’s clean future” and “Five bright spots in B.C.’s new climate plan”, which highlights the importance of the accountability mechanism. The David Suzuki Foundation calls it a “Big Step Forward”, but points out that there is more to be done – a Phase 2 is needed.
The Phase 2 of further initiatives (and implementation legislation ) are promised. The Government clearly admits that the initiatives announced on December 5 will only achieve 18.9 Mt GHG reduction, leaving a 25% gap with what is required by the legislated target for 2030 ( 25.4 Mt GHG from a 2007 baseline).
The response from West Coast Environmental Law applauds and endorses CleanB.C. and its accountability measures, but raises the elephant in the room question: “We know that the Province needs to go further: the map set out in CleanBC is not complete, nor does it go far enough. Some recent decisions, for example on LNG, are difficult to square with this climate plan”. This big LNG question also appears in “Critics question B.C.’s LNG pursuit in wake of climate plan announcement” (updated on December 6), stating that “ the already-approved LNG export facilities — LNG Canada and Woodfibre in Squamish — would take up almost all of B.C.’s allowable carbon footprint under the current targets.” The government’s current LNG Framework was released in March 2018 , allowing the approval of a controversial $40-billion LNG project centred in Kitimat in October 2018. At that time, the Green Party leader linked his Party’s support for the clean growth strategy and promised the Greens “would have more to say” about LNG after the Clean Growth strategy was finalized.