Environmental Defence released a report in December 2018, Carbon Pricing in Alberta: A review of its success and impacts . According to the report, Alberta’s carbon levy, introduced in 2017 as part of the broader Climate Leadership Plan, has had no detrimental effect on the economy, and in fact, all key economic indicators (weekly consumer spending, consumer price index,and gross domestic product) improved in 2017. The report also documents how the carbon levy revenues have been invested: for example, over $1 billion used to fund consumer rebates and popular energy efficiency initiatives in 2017; support for Indigenous communities, including employment programs; a 500% growth in solar installations; funding for an expansion of light rail transit systems in Calgary and Edmonton; and prevention of an estimated 20,000 tonnes of greenhouse gas (GHG) pollution. The conclusion: the Climate Leadership Plan and its carbon levy is off to a good start, but improvement is needed on promised methane reduction regulations , and the regulations to enforce the legislated cap on oil sands emissions need to be released.
Methane Regulations: The Alberta Environmental Law Centre published a report in 2017 evaluating the province’s methane emissions regulations. On December 13, the government released new, final regulations governing methane. On December 19, the Alberta Environmental Law Centre published a summary of the new Regulations here .
Since the Environmental Defence study, on December 17, the government announced agreement on five new wind projects funded by Carbon Leadership revenues, through the Renewable Electricity Program. Three of the five projects are private-sector partnerships with First Nations, and include a minimum 25 per cent Indigenous equity component to stimulate jobs, skills training and other economic benefits. The government claims that all five projects will generate 1000 jobs.
On December 19 the government also announced new funding of $50 million from Alberta’s Climate Leadership Plan for the existing Sector-specific Industrial Energy Efficiency Program , to support technology improvements in the trade-exposed industries of pulp and paper, chemical, fertilizer, minerals and metals facilities.
Balanced against this, a December 31 government press release summarized how its “Made in Alberta ” policies have supported the oil and gas industry: including doubling of support for petrochemical upgrading to $2.1 billion; creation of a Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) investment team to work directly with industry to expedite fossil fuel projects; political fights for new pipelines (claiming that “Premier Notley’s advocacy was instrumental in the federal government’s decision to purchase the Trans Mountain Pipeline”), and the ubiquitous Keep Canada Working advertisements promoting the benefits of the Trans Mountain pipeline . The press release also references the November announcement that the province will buy rail cars to ship oil in the medium term, and the December 11 press release announcing that the province is exploring private-sector interest in building a new oil refinery .