In a press release on April 22 , New York Mayor Bill de Blasio announced “New York City’s Green New Deal, a bold and audacious plan to attack global warming on all fronts….The City is going after the largest source of emissions in New York by mandating that all large existing buildings cut their emissions – a global first. In addition, the Administration will convert government operations to 100 percent clean electricity, implement a plan to ban inefficient all-glass buildings that waste energy and reduce vehicle emissions.” The full range of Green New Deal policies are laid out in OneNYC 2050: Building a Strong and Fair City, which commits to carbon neutrality by 2050, and 100% clean electricity. The full One NYC strategic plan is comprised of 9 volumes, including Volume 3: An Inclusive Economy , which acknowledges the shifting, precarious labour market and envisions green jobs in a fairer, more equitable environment.
A global first – Energy Efficiency mandates for existing buildings: The Climate Mobilization Act, passed by New York City Council on April 18, lays out the “global first” of regulation of the energy efficiency of existing buildings. Officially called Introduction 1253-C (unofficially called the “Dirty Buildings Bill”), 1253-C governs approximately 50,000 existing large and mid-sized buildings- those over 25,000 sq feet- which are estimated to account for 50% of building emissions. The bill categorizes these buildings by size and use (with exemptions for non-profits, hospitals, religious buildings, rent-controlled housing and low-rise residential buildings ) and sets emissions caps for each category. Buildings which exceed their caps will be subject to substantial fines, beginning in 2024. The goal is to cut emissions by 40 percent by 2030 and 80 percent by 2050.
Seen as historic and innovative, the energy efficiency provisions have been highlighted and summarized in many outlets: “New York City Sets Ambitious Climate Rules for Its Biggest Emitters: Buildings” in Inside Climate News ; “Big Buildings Hurt the Climate. New York City Hopes to Change That” in the New York Times (April 17); “’A New Day in New York’: City Council Passes Sweeping Climate Bill“ in Common Dreams; and best of all, “New York City’s newly passed Green New Deal, explained” (April 23) in Resilience, (originally posted in Grist on April 18).
Job Creation in Retrofitting and Energy Efficiency: The New York City Central Labor Council strongly supports Introduction 1253-C and cites job creation estimates drawn from Constructing a Greener New York, Building By Building , a new report commissioned by Climate Works for All. The report found that 1253-C would create 23,627 direct construction jobs per year in retrofitting, and 16,995 indirect jobs per year in building operation and maintenance, manufacturing and professional services. The report includes a technical appendix which details how it calculated the job estimates, based on the job multipliers developed by Robert Pollin and Jeanette Wicks-Lam at the University of Massachusetts Political Economy Research Institute.
The Mayor’s Green New Deal press release also states “The City, working with partners, will pursue 100 percent carbon-free electricity supply for City government operations with the building of a new connection linking New York City to zero-emission Canadian hydropower. Negotiations will begin right away, with the goal of striking a deal by the end of 2020 and powering city operations entirely with renewable sources of electricity within five years. ” The National Observer describes reaction from Quebec and Hydro Quebec in “New York City’s Green New Deal music to Quebec’s Ears” (April 23).