The U.S. Solar Industry Diversity Study 2019 was released by The Solar Foundation , in partnership with the Solar Energy Industries Association on May 6, reflecting a growing industry awareness of the need to promote inclusion. The 2019 study is based on survey responses from 377 employers and 398 employees in the winter of 2018, and reports on job satisfaction, career paths and progression, and wages.
- Among the senior executives reported in the survey, 88% are white and 80% are men.
- Three of the top five recruitment methods rely on professional and personal networks – putting minority applicants at a disadvantage to be hired (Only 28% of Hispanic , Latino, and African American respondents reported that they found their jobs through a referral or by word of mouth, compared to 44% of white respondents).
- There is a 26% gender wage gap across all position levels. 37% of men earn in the range of $31 to $74 per hour, compared to only 28% of women. The median wage reported for men was $29.19, and for women it was only $21.62.
The full report is available here (registration required). This is the second Diversity Report, but the first, in 2017, is no longer available online. An accompanying Best Practices Guide is a brief guide aimed at HR managers to encourage diversity and inclusion programs. A summary of the report appears in Think Progress .
Other reports which confirm the need for more diversity in the solar industry:
Solar Empowers Some (February 2019) focused on the state of diversity and inclusion in Baltimore and Washington D.C.
Advancing inclusion through clean energy jobs (April 2019) by the Brookings Institution goes beyond just the solar industry to include all clean energy and energy efficiency occupations. It reports that fewer than 20 percent of workers are women, and less than 10 percent are black, confirming that the clean energy economy workforce is older, dominated by male workers, and lacks racial diversity compared to all occupations nationally. This report, importantly, also documents skills and educational requirements, and is written in the context of labour market issues for a transition to a clean economy.
We have little comparable research in Canada. As reported in the WCR previously, Bipasha Baruah at Western University in London researches the gender issue in the renewable energy industry, and in 2016 presented a report, Creating and Optimizing Employment Opportunities for Women in the Clean Energy Sector in Canada, at Imagining Canada’s Future, an SSHRC Knowledge Synthesis Symposium at the University of Calgary.