Since 2016, the prestigious medical journal The Lancet has published an annual report, Countdown on Health and Climate Change . The 2018 Countdown report focused on work-related health impacts of climate change, especially heat effects, as summarized in the WCR here . The 2019 edition just released in early November focuses on the impacts of climate change on the health of children, with this key message: it is possible to limit the global average temperature rise to well below 2ºC, a situation which “would transform the health of a child born today for the better, throughout their lives. Placing health at the centre of the coming transition will yield enormous dividends for the public and the economy, with cleaner air, safer cities, and healthier diets.”
In addition to the global report, the Lancet also publishes country-specific Policy Briefing reports. The Policy Briefing for Canada (in French here ) is written in cooperation with the Canadian Medical Association and the Canadian Public Health Association. The four highlighted results for Canada are:
- “Exposure to wildfires is increasing in Canada, with more than half of the 448,444 Canadians evacuated due to wildfires between 1980 and 2017 displaced in the last decade;
- The percentage of fossil fuels powering transport in Canada remains high, though electricity and biofuels are gaining ground. Fine particulate air pollution generated by transportation killed 1063 Canadians in 2015, resulting in a loss of economic welfare for Canadians valued at approximately $8 billion dollars;
- Canada has the third-highest per capita greenhouse gas emissions from healthcare in the world, with healthcare accounting for approximately 4% of the country’s total emissions;
- The health of Canadians is at risk due to multiple and varied risks of climate change…… An ongoing, coordinated, consistent and pan-Canadian effort to track, report, and create healthy change is required.”
For each of the four problems, broad policy recommendations are made.
Some of the other countries for which Policy Briefs are available: Australia ; European Union ; the United Kingdom ; and the United States . Each one reflects the unique challenges of the country concerned. The full menu of all Country Briefs is here.