Prairie Resilience: A Made-in-Saskatchewan Climate Change Strategy was released by the government of Saskatchewan on December 4, maintaining the province’s position outside the Pan-Canadian Framework agreement with this introductory statement: “A federal carbon tax is ineffective and will impair Saskatchewan’s ability to respond to climate change.” A summary of all the strategy commitments appears as a “Backgrounder” from this link. An Opinion column in the Regina Leader Post newspaper summarizes it as a “repackaging” of past policies, and “oil over the environment”.
The provincial government defends their plan as “broader and bolder than a single policy such as a carbon tax and will achieve better and more meaningful outcomes over the long term” by encouraging innovation and investment – and yes, that Prairie spirit of independent resilience. The strategy includes provisions re protecting communities through physical infrastructure investment, water system management, energy efficiency for buildings and freight, and disaster management. It commits to “maintain and enhance partnerships with First Nations and Métis communities to address and adapt to a changing climate through actions that are guided by traditional ecological knowledge.” In the electricity sector, which at 19% is the third largest source of emissions, it proposes to introduce regulations governing emissions from electricity generation by SaskPower and Independent Power Producers; meet a previous commitment of up to 50 per cent electricity capacity from renewables; and “determine the viability of extending carbon capture use and storage technology to remaining coal power plants while continuing to work with partners on the potential application for CCUS technology globally.” The Strategy is still open to consultation on the regulatory standards and implementation details, with a goal of implementation on January 1, 2019. Consultation is likely to reflect the state of public opinion on climate change issues as revealed by the Corporate Mapping Project in Climate Politics in the Patch: Engaging Saskatchewan’s Oil-Producing Communities on Climate Change Issues. The participants in that study “were largely dismissive over concerns about climate change, were antagonistic towards people they understood as urban environmentalists and Eastern politicians, and believed that the oil industry was already a leader in terms of adopting environmentally sound practices.” The oil and gas industry is Saskatchewan’s largest emitter, at 32% of emissions in 2015. For an informed reaction, see Brett Dolter’s article in Policy Options, “How Saskatchewan’s Climate Change Strategy falls short” (December 11).
On the issue of carbon capture and storage: The Climate Strategy document released on December 4 states a commitment to: “determine the viability of extending carbon capture use and storage technology to remaining coal power plants while continuing to work with partners on the potential application for CCUS technology globally.” On December 1, CBC reported that Saskatchewan had signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming to “share knowledge, policy and regulatory expertise in carbon dioxide capture, transportation, storage and applications such as enhanced oil recovery.” By late 2017 or early 2018, SaskPower is required to make its recommendation on whether two units at the Boundary Dam will be retired, or retrofitted to capture carbon and storage (CCS) by 2020. As reported by the CBC , the research of economist Brett Dolter at the University of Regina has found that conversion to natural gas power generation would cost about 16% of the cost of continuing with CCS ($2.7 billion to replace all remaining coal-fired plants with natural gas plants, compared to $17 billion to retrofit all coal-fired plants with carbon capture and storage.) The final decision will need to consider the economic implications for approximately 1,100 Saskatchewan coal workers, and isn’t expected until a replacement for Premier Brad Wall has been chosen after his retirement in late January 2018.
For more details: “Saskatchewan, 3 U.S. states sign agreement on carbon capture, storage” at CBC News (Dec. 1) ; “SaskPower’s carbon capture future hangs in the balance” at CBC News (Nov 23) , and “Saskatchewan Faces Tough Decision on Costly Boundary Dam CCS Plant” in The Energy Mix (Nov. 28).