Ontario, Quebec and Mexico agree to promote carbon markets in North America: On August 31, at the 2016 Climate Summit of the Americas , the three jurisdictions announced a joint declaration which states: “The Partners are determined to jointly promote the expansion of carbon market instruments for greenhouse gas emissions reduction in North America.” See the Globe and Mail summary here .
Alberta appoints an Oil Sands Advisory Group: On July 14, Alberta appointed a 15-member Oil Sands Advisory Group to provide expert advice on how to implement its 100 megatonne per year carbon emissions limit for the oil sands industry, and on “a pathway to 2050, including responding to federal and other initiatives that may affect the oil sands after 2030.” Co-chairs appointed are: Climate and energy advocate Tzeporah Berman, Melody Lepine of the Mikisew Cree First Nation, and Dave Collyer, former president of the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers.
New Brunswick Climate Action Committee: The government’s Select Committee on Climate Change held public hearings and accepted submissions over the summer. In July, New Brunswick’s Conservation Council produced its “Climate Action Plan for New Brunswick”. It proposes to reduce GHG emissions through investments in retrofitting, starting with social and low-income housing; expand renewable energy ; provide incentives for electric and energy efficient vehicles; modernize industry and manufacturing to reduce waste and pollution, and accelerate installation of the Energy Internet (Smart Grid telecommunications) to manage a more distributed electricity load. These investments would help NB Power phase coal out of electricity production over the next 15 years.
U.S. and China formally join the Paris Agreement: On September 3, the eve of the G20 Summit in Hangzhou China, the two countries responsible for almost 40% of the world’s GHG emissions announced that they will formally ratify the Paris Accord. See coverage in The Guardian ; “U.S. and China formally join historic Paris climate agreement; Canada not yet ready” in the Globe and Mail; “Landmark China-U.S. climate breakthrough elicits tepid response” from Weekly Climate Review. Check the Climate Analytics website for their “ratification tracker”, which on September 9 states “ it is estimated that at least 58 countries are likely to have ratified the Paris Agreement by the end of 2016, accounting for 59.88% of global emissions. Under this scenario, the Paris Agreement will entry into force by the end of the year.” The website has details country-by-country.
New U.S. fuel standards for heavy-duty vehicles after model year 2018: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration jointly finalized standards for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles, to improve fuel efficiency and cut carbon pollution. Heavy duty vehicles include:combination tractors (semi trucks), heavy-duty pickup trucks and vans, and vocational vehicles (including buses and garbage or utility trucks). The new rule and an archive of related documents is available at the EPA website . The American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy applauds the new rules; as does the trucking industry, according to the New York Times coverage . Canada is expected to follow suit, based on the the Joint Leaders’ statement from the Three Amigos Summit, June 29, : “Canada, the U.S., and Mexico commit to reduce GHG emissions from light- and heavy-duty vehicles by aligning fuel efficiency and/or GHG emission standards by 2025 and 2027, respectively. We also commit to reduce air pollutant emissions by aligning air pollutant emission standards for light- and heavy-duty vehicles and corresponding low-sulphur fuel standards beginning in 2018. In addition, we will encourage greener freight transportation throughout North America by expanding the SmartWay program to Mexico.” Canada last updated its emission standards for heavy-duty trucks in 2013, covering up to model year 2018.
California continues to lead with landmark legislation: California legislation (SB32) was passed in late August, and signed by Governor Jerry Brown on September 8, requiring the state to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to 40 percent below 1990 levels by 2030 . An economic analysis by consulting firm Environmental Entrepreneurs (E2) was released during the public debate around SB32, claiming that thousands of jobs had been created in every District of the state by the predecesor Global Warming Solutions Act. See the press release here. And the 8th annual edition of California’s Green Innovation Index by Next10 quantifies a booming clean energy economy, with solar generation increased by 1,378 percent in the past 5 years. “California’s Historic Climate Legislation becomes Law” from Think Progress is typical of the superlatives throughout the news coverage.
As evidence of California’s important leadership role: on August 1, New York’s Public Service Commission approved the Clean Energy Standard which mandates that 50 percent of the New York state’s electricity will come from renewable, clean energy sources by 2030 . California had passed legislation in 2015 to mandate utilities to provide 50 percent of their electricity generation from renewable sources by 2030, and require a 50 percent increase in energy efficiency in buildings by 2030.
Minority Report challenges Australia’s Climate Change policies: Australia’s Cimate Change Authority released a report at the end of August: Towards a climate policy toolkit: Special Review of Australia’s climate goals and policies . Authority experts David Karoly and Clive Hamilton so disagreed with the majority report that they issued their own Minority Report (see the press release here ) . Clive Hamilton stated “The majority report gives the impression that Australia has plenty of time to implement measures to bring Australia’s emissions sharply down. This is untrue and dangerous”.
Shift in Climate Change policy in the U.K. government: The new post-Brexit government of Theresa May has made “ a stupid and deeply worrying” decision according to The Independent , by moving the work of the Department for Environment and Climate Change to a new “Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy.” Reassurance from the June adoption of a world-leading GHG emissions reduction target, as reported in The Guardian here and here , has been challenged. The BBC reported that “Just days after the United Kingdom committed to cut greenhouse gas emissions 57% from 1990 levels by 2032, the country’s grid operator reported this morning that the country will miss its existing EU long-term targets for 2020, unless it adopts more aggressive clean energy policies.”