The constitutional challenge by the government of Saskatchewan to the Canadian government’s Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act of 2018 is underway – hearings were held in February and a decision is pending, with a similar challenge by Ontario to be heard in April. The main purpose of the court challenges is to nullify the federal government’s national carbon tax program , the signature issue of the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change. But the case has also given youth activists an opportunity to address the intergenerational justice of Canada’s climate change policies, as described in “Canada obliged to protect future generations from climate change, test case on carbon tax hears” (Feb. 20) in The Narwhal.
The preamble of the Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act of 2018 states: “…Parliament recognizes it is the responsibility of the present generation to minimize impacts of climate change on future generations.” This gave the Intergenerational Climate Coalition, led by Generation Squeeze , a platform, as recognized intervenors, to argue that: “Failure to price pollution discriminates against younger Canadians, because it puts in jeopardy our reasonable aspiration to thrive in 2030 and beyond” and “the health threats to children and future generations are vastly disproportionate to their contribution to greenhouse gas emissions”. A press release in December 2018 describes the coalition and summarizes their arguments – mostly based on health consequences of climate change.
This issue of intergenerational justice was also addressed by Hadrian Mertins-Kirkwood in “The all too ugly truth: Climate change is generational genocide” , published in Behind the Numbers in February. Echoing the strong and direct tone we have come to expect from Greta Thunberg, Mertins-Kirkwood states: “For the generations poised to inherit our warming world, the complacency and greed of their predecessors is no longer being tolerated. From Autumn Peltier’s presentation to the United Nations to the climate strikes organized by school children across Europe to the Quebec youth suing the government for failing to protect the environment, young people are refusing to sit by while this existential crisis deepens.” He continues: “The perpetrators of the climate change genocide include the fossil fuel industry and climate-denying politicians, of course, but also the silent majority of fossil fuel consumers who actively ignore the mounting scientific evidence or otherwise take no responsibility for the path we are on. It is this generation’s campaign of destruction that is being inflicted upon all other and future generations.”
Youth are asking for help: The main point of Mertins-Kirkwood’s article is to urge us all to act: First, by recognizing and acknowledging how we have contributed to the problem; Second, by making climate change “a central concern for everyone in your life” ; and third, by supporting those fighting for a better future, through donations, but also by amplifying youth voices “online and beyond”. Greta Thunberg has also stated: “If you think that we should be in school instead, then we suggest that you take our place in the streets, striking from your work. Or, better yet, join us, so we can speed up the process.”
How to respond? “Intergenerational” organizations exist to support the actions of youth activists: for example, in Canada, Canadian Parents for Climate Action, and For our Grandchildren Canada ; in Australia, Australian Parents for Climate Action and 1 Million Women . Fridays for Future Canada is coordinating the school strikes, but there are many more youth-led activist groups, many of whom are asking for support and donations. Some Canadian examples: Canadian Youth Climate Coalition ; ENvironment JEUnesse (Quebec group for under-35’s suing the government) ; PowerShift Young and Rising ; Youth Climate Lab ; The 3% Project .
Youth in at least 22 communities in Canada are participating in the Global Fridays for the Future climate Strike on March 15. As George Monbiot wrote in Resilience, “Young climate strikes can win their fight. We must all help”.
An excellent example: At their most recent climate strike, elementary school students in Sudbury were presented with a letter of support from the faculty members of Laurentian University.